What is 2D animation or 2D animation?


In fact, 2D animation is the art of creating movement in a 2D space that includes characters, creatures, special effects, and backgrounds. Only when the illusion of movement occurs when the individual designs are placed in a certain time sequence.
A second of time is usually divided into 24 frames, which of course depends on the animation. In one second of animation, there can be from 2 to 24 unique designs (24 frames per second). Typically, in 2D animation there is a drawing every 2 frames (12 frames per second). This possibility was created to save production time and costs, and it makes 2D animations look sloppy.

Of course, sometimes this process is known as traditional animation. But it is interesting to know that there are different processes for its production. Those two-dimensional animations that were designed with pencil and paper are included in this category. And over time, the implementation of digital techniques evolved using computer software such as Toon Boom Harmony or Adobe After Effects.

With the advancement of technology since the late 1960s, computers gradually opened their place in the 2D animation industry. The attention of many 2D animation artists was drawn to the use and learning of computer skills. Extensive investment was made by various studios for software development to improve the quality of their animations in the highly competitive market of those days.

With such a revolution in the animation industry, instead of the traditional techniques of making two-dimensional animations, artists turned to using powerful computer software to create their work. That is, for example, for making paper animation, the process of drawing on paper and animating images was optimized and the difficulties of the work were reduced. Or, for example, in the implementation of the digital cut-out technique, all the components of the scene and characters were animated with the computer in the 2D animation software; Without the animator manually wanting to change the states of the scene and characters frame by frame. This work, in addition to significantly reducing the production time and reducing the costs of making animation, had a more attractive output in terms of graphics and visuals for the audience.


2D animation in today’s world


2D animation is considered one of the popular and diverse fields of art, which has made a remarkable comeback! The use of this type of animation is widely seen in television programs, video games, feature films, advertisements, mobile phone applications, and website content. Rick and Morty is a modern and popular example of 2D animation. Social networks like Snapchat are offering interesting 1-3 minute 2D serial animations. Even the production of video games with 2D environment such as Cuphead is increasing.

“Animation is used for everything online (advertising, entertainment), even if you don’t realize it at first,” says Scott Claus, 2D animation instructor at Disney and DreamWorks. Scott continues: “This field of art is developing rapidly. Animated television is taking off, and live streaming services are constantly looking for new content.”
In the last decade, the demand for 2D animations that can create entertaining and engaging content has grown dramatically. Enthusiastic artists, lovers of motion graphics and skilled in creating new and attractive content, are always needed. This is where we need to see what a 2D animator actually does. What are his career prospects? And finally, what is the best 2D animation production software? We’ve done the research and compiled everything you need to know about the animation industry to help you prepare for your future.


What does a 2D animator do?


2D animators convey a story or message by creating their characters, objects and backgrounds in a 2D environment. In addition to painting and drawing, animators must also be capable storytellers. They are required to clearly communicate a story or message with the movement of characters in a way that engages the audience. Even though most of the work is done on the computer, it can still be useful to have a set of traditional and manual techniques.

Other responsibilities of an animator include:

Basic design (Sketching)
Character design
Creation and development of illustrated screenplays or storyboards
Creating special effects
Animating or animating scenes
Transitioning Background

This job is only part of the production line, which is divided into three parts: pre-production, production and post-production:

In pre-production, if a project is in its early stages, the team may work on story and characterization, writing the script, recording dialogues, developing the plot, preparing the background design, and animating the characters.
During the production stage, animators bring the characters and objects to life. After that we have the character processing and coloring (digital ink and paint) and they are drawn and composited into the backgrounds.
Post-production is the final stages of adding sound and editing animation, to make sure that there is good resolution and smooth flow in the project, and finally, the output of the project is prepared in the final format.

Depending on the project and the size of the studio or organization,

Animators may work with a number of other professionals. So, for an animator, it is necessary and necessary to have strong communication and social interaction skills.


Career Opportunities


With such a diverse industry, animators can choose to work on movies, TV shows, video games. Or to work for production companies and advertising agencies that produce 2D content for advertisements, mobile apps and websites.

It is important to note that if you are studying 2D animation, you will not necessarily become an animator. There are many different types of jobs in this industry, and with the rapid development of technology, new jobs are always being born.

A number of different roles include:

Animation supervisor
Animation Director
Game developer
character designer
Story board designer
Graphic Designer
Motion designer

Note: Artists working in 2D can move into 3D, but the reverse can be much more difficult.


There is a wide range of software for animating or 2D animation. But if you’re pursuing animation professionally, learn to use the industry-standard software used by major studios. This will increase your chances of getting hired.

For example, with Toon Boom Harmony (Toon Boom Harmony), you can do basic animation or animation, coloring, effects… in addition to editing. For example, animate sparks in the air and then make them glow. Many producers use Harmony and this software is the industry leader.

Animation professionals usually use the following software:

Toon Boom Harmony
Toon Boom Storyboard
Adobe After Effect
Adobe Photoshop